How Much Does Crushed Stone Cost?
Crushed stone comes from large rock formations that are crushed down to various sizes or grades by a machine. Many people consider crushed rock to be equivalent to gravel. However, crushed rock differs from gravel in that it is more angular in shape, whereas gravel is naturally round and smooth from weathering. See how the costs compare below.
Cost of Crushed Stone
Estimated costs for crushed stone:
- Minimum cost: $27.50 per ton of basic landscaping crushed stone when 23 or more tons are purchased at one time. Costs increase per ton when fewer tons are ordered.
- Maximum cost: $38.20 per ton of white marble crushed stone, not including delivery.
Crushed stone comes from a wide range of materials including:
- Trap rock
Types & Purposes of Crushed Stone
Construction industries and homeowners rely on crushed stone for a wide array of purposes. Besides being extremely versatile, crushed stone adds a quaint and rustic look to any landscape and is available in many colors and sizes to create a particular look. The natural beauty of crushed stone blends in very well with plants and trees, creating a charming balance to a homeowner's property.
There are more than a dozen sizes of crushed rock to choose from that range in size from dust screenings to 10 inches in diameter and are available by ton or by yard, which is equivalent to 1.4 tons. There are various sizes of crushed rocks for different landscaping and building purposes.
Crushed Stone for the Homeowner
The most popular size of crushed stone among homeowners is known as #57 and is 3/4 inches in size. This crushed stone helps with drainage and is found in many decorative colors and types of rock. It is commonly recommended for driveways, general landscaping applications, shrub beds and walkways. It also comes in white marble chips, brick chips, red rock and limestone.
White marble, which is available in 1/4 and 1/2 inch sizes, serves best in gardens, fountains and container plants. Washed clean stone is much smaller at 1/4 inches in size and serves well to decorate landscaping around trees, in walkways and in playgrounds.
Crushed Stone as A Building Material & Other Purposes
Crushed stone is used in many building materials. Screenings or dust particles are used for concrete block manufacturing. This particular crushed rock is known as #10. Crushed rock #67 ranges in sizes from 3/4 inches to a size of fine particles and is used as a slab, road and fill base. Another crushed stone is #411, which is a mixture of #57 stone and stone dust. This mixture is used as a base for retaining walls, roads and for patching holes in pavement. Mixing in dust with the larger stone improves its ability to settle.
Crushed stone that ranges from 1 to 2 inches in diameter is used for drainage solutions, in dry wells, in septic systems and as ballast for railroad tracks. It consists of trap rock, granite, limestone and gneiss and is used to produce cement, lime and riprap stone. It is known as #3.
Washed clean stone is 1/4 inch in size. This #5 concrete is added into ready-mix concrete and is used in various drainage applications and as a base for road and pavers. White limestone, which is 3/8 inches in size, is used as a roofing stone for its excellent reflective values.
Another crushed stone variety is the riprap stone, which measures 3 1/2 inches in diameter and serves well as a soil stabilizer, as a backing for stone walls and retaining wells and as a way to prevent shoreline erosion. Graded surge crushed stone that is 4 to 10 inches in diameter is an erosion controller like riprap and is also used in creek banks and large storm drain lines.
One of the biggest sizes available is crushed stone #1, which ranges from 2 to 4 inches in diameter. This stone is used in very large excavating jobs such as culvert installations.
How to Determine the Amount of Crushed Stone Needed for a Project
Some home improvement websites offer a calculator that helps buyers conveniently estimate the exact amount of crushed rock that they will need for their landscaping projects. For example, one ton of #57 crushed stone would cover 150 square feet with a depth of 2 inches. When ordering larger or smaller size crushed rocks, the coverage will change.
Advantages of Crushed Stone
Homeowners and contractors are attracted to crushed stone because it:
- Is a low-cost material
- Is readily available
- Has excellent drainage ability
- Is a strong base material for foundations
Crushed stone is an excellent landscaping addition for homeowners who live in dry regions, as it works like mulch to retain moisture. In wet regions, crushed stone can be used to relieve water build-up while keeping the soil in place.
Homeowners can easily work with crushed stone to create landscaping projects. This material can quickly transform a backyard into a nice patio, garden or walkway and is available in eye-catching colors of white, pink, cream, gold, brown and tan. Crushed stone 3/8 inches in diameter is an excellent groundcover that won't spill over into the yard. Furthermore, when used in driveways, crushed stone will form a surface that is nearly as hard as asphalt once it is compacted, and it promotes drainage by keeping mud and excess water down.
Disadvantages of Crushed Stone
Because crushed stone is loose, it must be regularly maintained. As a material for driveways and walkways, it can easily become displaced, requiring the need for replenishing it from time to time. Weeding will have to be done where crushed stone is used to keep the area looking clean and neat.
It's harder to place patio furniture and other objects on areas with crushed stone. Unless stepping stones are used, it's also inconvenient to walk on surfaces with crushed stone.
Last updated on May 23, 2016
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